found an increased risk too, albeit quite a bit smaller (around x), A big problem with studies of this nature is that hormones are so widely used in women’s medicine, that by now it must be difficult to put together a truly unexposed control group. That probably at least partly accounts for why some studies are finding a greatly increased risk of hypospadias, and others not so much. In any case, there does appear to be a definite increased risk for hypospadias in DES grandsons, which is important as far as your question is concerned, because hypospadias is a marker for abnormally low prenatal androgen levels.
My brother has been compounding my hormones since 2000. I just saw a doctor who ordered blood tests to check my hormone levels, primarily because my hair won't stop falling out. The doctor's office faxed the results to my brother and she had prescribed testosterone cream on the labia. I didn't like that answer and now the doctor is in Australia until mid January. The way my brother explained it is that the testosterone will increase the libido, it will build up muscle tissue and do several other positive things. It is not dangerous to apply to the labia. I am going to call the office and ask that another physician explain the results to me. Compounding HRT is the way to go. The pharmacist can closely duplicate the hormones naturally produced in your body when menopause causes them to produce less.
Hormones are known as the body’s chemical messengers and are produced in the endocrine glands, which include glands such as the thyroid, pancreas, ovaries in women and testicles in men. Some hormones encourage the growth of some cancers, such as breast and prostate . But, in some cases, they may kill, slow or stop cancer cells from growing.
Hormone therapy usually involves taking medications that prevent cancer cells from getting the hormones they need to grow. In some cases, your doctor may surgically remove the gland responsible for hormone production. Our physicians may use hormone therapy in combination with other cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy.