The basic ingredients for testosterone are zinc, vitamin D, cholesterol, with selenium and magnesium being present as well. Research suggests that an amino acid called N acetyl cystein can be beneficial to increasing glutathione in the testes which makes for healthier teste function and increased testosterone. Sleep is critical. Excess alchohol or body fat do not compliment testosterone production Exercise in proper amounts has been shown over and over to raise T. Moderate amounts of porn and or masturbation are probably fine, but porn induced erectile dysfunction is real. Erectile dysfunction is not fun, it's crushing. Erectile dysfunction can be caused by many things aside from low T. Man up and see your doctor if all else fails. Garlic and vitamin C together have been helpful for me, for what it's worth.
2) Irreversible adaptation to sperm competition . It has been suggested that the ancestor of the boreoeutherian mammals was a small mammal that required very large testes (perhaps rather like those of a hamster ) for sperm competition and thus had to place its testes outside the body.  This led to enzymes involved in spermatogenesis, spermatogenic DNA polymerase beta and recombinase activities evolving a unique temperature optimum, slightly less than core body temperature. When the boreoeutherian mammals then diversified into forms that were larger and/or did not require intense sperm competition they still produced enzymes that operated best at cooler temperatures and had to keep their testes outside the body. This position is made less parsimonious by the fact that the kangaroo , a non-boreoeutherian mammal, has external testicles. The ancestors of kangaroos might, separately from boreotherian mammals, have also been subject to heavy sperm competition and thus developed external testes, however, kangaroo external testes are suggestive of a possible adaptive function for external testes in large animals.
Any dose rates mentioned on these pages should be confirmed by a vet. Dosing rates for common drugs are being changed and updated all the time (. as new research comes in and as drug formulations change) and information here may not remain current for long. What's more, although we try very hard to maintain the accuracy of our information, typos and oversights do occur. Please check with your vet before dosing any pet any medication or drug.
Common misspellings: criptorchidism, criptorchid, cryptorkidism, cryptorkid, criptorkidism, criptorkid,cryptorkydism,cryptorkyd, criptorkydism, criptorkyd, cryptorchydism, cryptorchyd, criptorchydism, criptorchyd,testical, testecal, testacal, testucal, testecle, testacle, testucle.
Alternative, slang synonyms for testicles: ball, balls, nut, nuts, goolies.